Garlic belongs to the genus Allium from the Lilly genus and its related species or relatives are garlic, leeks, onions and other types of garlic. Garlic is grown and used in diet long ago, not only because of the distinctive flavor, but also because of the numerous medicinal properties it possesses.
Young garlic is full of vitamin C and vitamin K which is necessary for normal bone development. Vitamin C helps in the synthesis of collagen that makes bones strong and increases the utilization of calcium from food, while vitamin K have a major impact in maintaining bone density. Moreover, besides vitamin C and vitamin K, garlic is also rich in vitamin A, which is needed for eye health. It has been found that garlic protects against inflammation. Garlic is also rich in sulfur compounds or sulfide compounds that reduce the risk of colon cancer.
It contains significant amounts of bioflavonoids kaempferol, which have been to be great protection against damage to blood vessels. Although often overlooked, the concentration of folic acid in the leeks plays an important role in protecting health. B-complex that protects the cardiovascular system and maintains the level of homocysteine in the body is a key vitamin in folic acid. Leek also contains a good amount of polyphenol. Polyphenol protects blood vessels from harmful oxidation.
Garlic Mustard (Brassicaceae)
Garlic Mustard possesses larger nutrient value compared to other types. It has more antioxidants, minerals and vitamins than usual garlic. Garlic Mustard is rich in vitamin A which serves as strong antioxidant for protecting the body from lung cancer, cancers of the mouth and throat. Besides vitamin A, this type of garlic has a large concentration of electrolytes and minerals, such as iron, calcium, copper, potassium and phosphorus.
Garlic is a great source of chromium, a mineral that helps the cells to respond adequately to insulin in the blood. Garlic regulates blood sugar levels in diabetics. The amount of vitamin C and manganese in garlic helps in the treatment of colds and flu. It also possesses anti-inflammatory effects. Pyridoxine and vitamin B, found in garlic, fight neurotic conditions.
Similarly to leeks, onions also possess effect the health of the blood system, and also play a key role in protection against cancer. Onion extract which is rich in numerous sulfides prevents tumor growth. This vegetable is an excellent natural antibacterial agent. By consuming diet rich in onions, you will be able to naturally strengthen the immune system and protect against colds and flu. You will also prevent bacterial diseases.
Thanks to the ideal combination of iron and vitamin C, chive provides the organism vitality and protects against fatigue. Same as its other relatives, this vegetable is excellent in preventing many diseases.