Cancer is a chronic disease where the cells grow out of control, divide and invade other tissues. This process of division cannot be controlled and these cells damage the other tissues of the body. This may attack any part of the body that is differed as different types. The types of treatment that you depend on the type of cancer you have.
Few cancers will have only one type of treatment and some will have combination of treatments. These treatments include surgeries, chemo therapies, radiation therapies and hormone therapy. This in early stage can also be treated with medicines and drugs.
There are many types of cancer treatment. The types of treatment that you receive will depend on the type of cancer and the level of it.
The main types of cancer treatment include:
Surgeons use thin knives named scalpels and other small sharp tools to cut the body during surgery. Surgery requires cutting through skin, muscles and also bones. After this surgery, these cuts can be painful and take some time to recover.
Anesthesia keeps you unconscious and doctors refer to certain drugs or other substances that cause you to lose awareness.
Local anesthesia causes loss of sense in one small area of the body.
Regional anesthesia causes loss of feeling in a part of the body, such as an arm or leg.
Normal or General anesthesia causes loss of feeling and a complete loss of awareness that seems like a very deep sleep.
There are many different ways of performing surgery that do not involve cuts with scalpels. Some of these include:
Cryosurgery is a kind of treatment where extreme cold will be produced by argon gas and liquid nitrogen that is used to destroy the cancer tissues. This is used in early stages of the skin cancer, precancerous and retinoblastoma grows on the cervix and skin.
This is type of treatment which is very powerful rays of light used to cut through tissue. Lasers focus on the tiny and accurate areas and they can be used for precise surgeries. These are also used to destroy and shrink the tumor cells and stop the growth of cancers cell. These are often used to treat tumors on the body surface or on internal organs.
Hyper thermia is a type of treatment where the small areas of body tissues which are exposed to radiation temperatures. The heat ejected damages and kill the abnormal cells or make them weaker and certain chemotherapy drugs. Radio frequency ablation is a type of hyper thermia which uses energy radio waves to create heat in the body. Hyper thermia is not available widely and being studied in clinical trials.
Photo dynamic Therapy
Photo dynamic therapy is a kind of treatment which uses the drugs to react to certain type of light. The tumor is exposed to this light and these drugs become active and also kill cancer cells in the body. Photo dynamic therapy is used often to treat skin cancer, mycosis fungoides and non-small cell lung cancer.